Webmaster’s Comment: Lord have mercy on all of us. Man is made in God’s image and is the crown of God’s creation. Look what they are trying to do us. I am a peaceful man. However, these techno-devils have crossed the line and must be defeated. These devils from the medical field, intelligence agencies, militaries, World Economic Forum, Rand Corporation, and Ghislaine Boddington of Body-Data-Space must be “deplatformed” before they entrap us ALL in their satanic digital-cybernetic slavery transhuman and post-human hell. Here we get a glimpse of Smart City-Jewish Utopia (Tikkun Olam, Hebrew for “reinvention or re-imagine the world”). This devilish world would replace God’s magnificent earth and carbon-based biosphere and humanity with “augmented” and “enhanced” silicon-based artificial reality.
It is very near the time when we desperately need God’s angels to come bundle and burn these human-devils.
I) Futurism Internet of Bodies by Ghislaine Boddington of body data space (April 3, 2019)
Program notes from youtube:
Ghislaine Boddington of body data space came to 4YFN Barcelona 2019 to talk about internet of bodies, being alive, connected and collective. Discover how bodies are becoming the interface.
Key words: “Internet of Bodies: alive, connected and collective,” hyper-enhanced, virtual and physical space, digital intimacy with our avatars and robots, robotic integrations, live immersive experiences across time and space since the early 90s, real-time natural and digital connectivity, collective embodiment, virtual world, portal, collective reality, algorithms, how the individual moves toward the cyborg and avatar, wearables, augmented reality, Cyborg Handbook (1995), putting tiny wires into the body, bio-signals from body, “Seeing-Eye” receiving live, full time, the stream of another person’s life, immersive space, coding, internalized implants, body data transmitted outward and other data received, implants to replace cell phones, cyborg artists, The Cyborg Foundation, The Trans-species Association, The Cyborg Bill of Rights, smart skin circuits, biofeedback, cybernetic contact lenses, mini-bots that swim through our bodies that receive and transmit data, spray on skins and programmable gels, ethical questions: who owns our personal body data? who controls that usage, personal data dashboards, AI fuses with human intelligence, mixed reality of physical and digital, data immersion, sharing our content and knowledge, 3000 immersion domes being built in China, connected dildos, keep our intimacies going when we are far apart from each other, collective intelligence, full body is brought into the digital world, keep the human race engaged in “crossing over” is the Internet of Bodies.
4 weeks ago
“Collective reality”??, no thanks there is a great reality already, and with no computer chip implants or data harvesting, its called NOT USING THIS CRAP!!!
yeah, im trashing this type of stuff everywhere i can, ive got thousands of people to refuse to get any of this crap.
4 weeks ago
But I dont want to be “collective”. Individualism is waaaay better.
4 weeks ago
Only acceptable reason….medical handicap, or mental reason.
Webmaster comment: Ghislaine Boddington of Body-Data-Space, the British lady speaker, is wearing black and red- the preferred colors of satanists. She mentions that her work in this area goes back to 1990. She talks about one of her colleagues using wearable VR (virtual reality) gear to download another person’s entire life experiences into his mind in one sitting! Obviously, this lunatic vision of progress is intimately involved in the historic, illegal use of non-consenting humans in highly technical, secret, biomedical engineering experiments- which is also known as the gangstalking of targeted individuals (TIs). Boddington’s reference to ethics here is a pathetic joke. As a TI myself, I insist that no one has the right to secretly access any one else’s body data. I suggest that the death penalty for this crime against humanity would be the bare minimum.
Here, Ms. Boddington refers to “keeping humans engaged in “crossing over.” Over to immortality….. in hell?
II. World Economic Forum: Shaping the Future of the Internet of Bodies: New challenges of technology governance BRIEFING PAPER In Collaboration with McGill University. July 20, 2020
III. The Internet of Bodies Will Change Everything, for Better or Worse by RAND Corporation (October 29, 2020)
The rise of devices that connect the human body to the web is accelerating rapidly. This Internet of Bodies could revolutionize health care and improve our quality of life. But without appropriate guardrails, it could also jeopardize our most intimate personal information and introduce several ethical concerns.
The Internet of Bodies is about to transform everything from health care to auto safety. A new RAND study examines how to leverage the potential benefits—and mitigate the risks. Share on Twitter
Ross Compton was there when a fire ravaged his $400,000 home in Middletown, Ohio, in September 2016. Fortunately, Compton told investigators, he was able to stuff a few bags with several possessions—including the charger for an external heart pump he needed to survive—before shattering a window with his cane and escaping.
But as the smoke cleared, police began to suspect that Compton’s story was a fabrication.
His statements were inconsistent. The rubble smelled of gasoline. And it seemed implausible that someone fleeing a burning house—especially someone with a medical condition like Compton’s—could execute such a complex escape plan.
Eventually, investigators were able to indict Compton on felony charges of aggravated arson and insurance fraud. Their star witness? His pacemaker.
Police obtained a warrant to retrieve data on Compton’s heart activity before, during, and after the fire. After reviewing this information, a cardiologist concluded that it was “highly improbable” Compton would’ve been able to escape the flames so quickly, while lugging so many belongings.
Compton pleaded not guilty. His attorney argued that the pacemaker data should be thrown out; including it would violate doctor-patient privilege and Compton’s constitutional right to privacy, the lawyer said.
The case was strange, arguably sad, and fraught with difficult questions. Regardless of whether Compton really torched his house, should a life-saving device inside someone’s body be part of a case that might put them behind bars?
We may not know the answer for some time. Compton passed away in July at the age of 62, leaving his case—and whatever precedent it might have set—unresolved.
This may seem like a one-of-a-kind chain of events, an aberration. But as industries usher in a new era of devices that track personal information by leveraging the internet and the human body in equal measure, it won’t be the last.
When it comes to regulating the Internet of Bodies, it’s the Wild West.
This type of technology, appropriately dubbed the Internet of Bodies (IoB), has the potential to improve our lives in countless ways. But the risks are just as legion. A new RAND study explores the Internet of Bodies, identifying implications for policy that could help maximize the IoB’s upside while mitigating these risks.
“When it comes to regulating IoB, it’s the Wild West,” said Mary Lee, a mathematician at RAND and lead author of the study.
“There are many benefits to these technologies that some consider too great to be slowed down by policy. But we need to have a larger discussion about what those benefits will cost us—and how we might avoid some of the risk altogether.”
What Is the Internet of Bodies?
Internet-connected devices like smart thermostats, voice-activated assistants, and web-enabled refrigerators have become ubiquitous in American homes. These technologies are part of the Internet of Things (IoT), which has flourished in recent years as consumers and businesses flock to smart devices for convenience, efficiency, and, in many cases, fun.
Internet of Bodies technologies fall under the broader IoT umbrella. But as the name suggests, IoB devices introduce an even more intimate interplay between humans and gadgets. IoB devices monitor the human body, collect health metrics and other personal information, and transmit those data over the internet. Many devices, such as fitness trackers, are already in use.
Classic proportion man in the form of a starry sky or space, consisting of point, line, photo by Adobe Stock/anttoniart
The Internet of Bodies: Opportunities, Risks, and Governance
Torrents of data on everything from diets to social interactions could help improve preventative health care, increase employee productivity, and encourage people to become active participants in their health.
Artificial pancreases could automate insulin dosing for diabetics. Brain-computer interfaces could allow amputees to control prosthetic limbs with their minds. And smart diapers could alert parents via Bluetooth app when their baby needs to be changed.
But despite its potential to revolutionize just about everything in ways that could be helpful, the Internet of Bodies could jeopardize our most intimate personal information.
“There are vast amounts of data being collected, and the regulations about that data are really murky,” Lee said. “There’s not a lot of clarity about who owns the data, how it’s being used, and even who it can be sold to.”
Lee and her colleagues examined the risks that IoB devices could pose across three areas: data privacy, cybersecurity, and ethics. The team also identified recommendations that could help policymakers balance the IoB’s many risks and rewards.
IoB Privacy Risks
IoB devices already in use and those in development can track, record, and store users’ whereabouts, bodily functions, and what they see, hear, and even think. According to the RAND researchers, there are many unresolved questions about who has the authority to access these data—and how they can use it.
The data collection process can pose an inherent risk to privacy, depending on what’s being collected, how often, whether users provided informed consent beforehand, and whether they can easily opt out of collection or forbid companies to sell their data.
“There’s a patchwork of regulations in the U.S. that makes it unclear how safe it is to use these devices,” Lee said. “There is no national regulation on data brokers, so, depending on which state you live in, data brokers may be able to sell your information to third parties, who can then build a profile on you based on that sold data.”
Implantable Cardiac Devices
Newer cardiac pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators can provide real-time and continuous information about a patient’s cardiac fluctuations. These devices can also regulate heart rates in patients whose hearts beat too fast or too slowly, and can help treat heart failure.
The benefits of implantable cardiac devices are clearly documented—they can improve a patient’s quality of life and, in many cases, sustain their life. But as the case of Ross Compton illustrates, it’s unclear whether law enforcement use of IoB data violates constitutional protections against self-incrimination and unreasonable search and seizure.
How they work:
The device is implanted in the chest, with insulated wires that connect to the heart. A transmitter located in the patient’s home wirelessly transfers the recorded data to their physician.
Internet connectivity introduces the potential for these devices to be hacked and the data they transmit to be compromised.
Amazon has patented technologies for a wristband designed to track and record workers’ locations and hand movements. If the wristband senses a lull in productivity, then it would vibrate to nudge the employee to focus.
While it’s unclear whether Amazon will ever manufacture this device, such productivity technology could help businesses become more efficient and less prone to error. But because this would give employers highly personal information about their workers, such as information about their bathroom breaks, there’s concern about whether the technology described in Amazon’s patents might violate employees’ right to privacy.
How it works:
The wristband would send ultrasonic pulses at predetermined intervals to track hand movements and the relative positions of employees’ hands and warehouse bins.
Employees may view this technology as intrusive, which could harm retention.
How Policy Could Mitigate IoB Privacy Risks
Congress should consider establishing data transparency and protection standards for data collected by IoB devices.
Congress could draw lessons from the successes and failures of recent privacy laws established in Europe and California. Lawmakers could also consider ways to ensure that IoB users have control over their personal information, including the right to opt out of data collection.
Federal and state governments should consider regulations for data brokers and restrictions on who can collect data, how those data are used, and whether data may be sold to third parties.
Policymakers should consider regulations on how insurers, employers, and others are permitted to use IoB data.
IoB Security Risks
IoB devices can be prone to the same security flaws of IoT devices, or any other technology that stores information in the cloud. But, given the nature of IoB devices and the data they collect, the stakes are particularly high. Vulnerabilities could allow unauthorized parties to leak private information, tamper with data, or lock users out of their accounts.
In the case of some implanted medical devices, hackers could potentially manipulate the devices to cause physical injury or even death. National security is also a concern, because any IoB-collected data have the potential to reveal sensitive information, such as the location of U.S. service members.
IoB bracelets, watches, rings, and smartphone apps can track steps, heart rate, sleep patterns, and other physical data, such as alcohol consumption. Many devices also offer user-friendly analytics, giving individuals greater visibility into their own health. They may help users identify and seek care for potential health issues earlier on. And they encourage better preventative health measures, such as a healthy diet and exercise.
Still, the volume of personal data that these devices collect, security vulnerabilities, and the potential for user error have created a perfect storm. Companies, hackers, and even foreign adversaries can exploit user data for financial or political gain.
How they work:
These devices operate by using advanced accelerometers and other sensors that can translate movement into digital measurements.
Some studies have shown that constant tracking of biometric activity through health apps such as sleep trackers can increase users’ anxiety and worsen insomnia and other conditions.
In 2017, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first digital pill with embedded sensors that record that the medication was taken. The pill has been successful at treating schizophrenia and some forms of bipolar disorder and depression—conditions for which patients’ adherence to treatment is critical to preventing relapse.
Patients can grant caregivers and physicians access to this information through a web-based portal. This can help health care providers confirm whether patients are following their treatment plans. But this comes at the cost of potentially exposing health care provider networks to cyberattacks.
How they work:
The pill’s sensor sends a message to a wearable patch that transmits the information to a mobile app so that patients can track the ingestion of the medication on their smartphones.
Data gathered by digital pills could introduce the potential for insurance companies to monitor whether and when a patient is taking their medication—and deny coverage for those who do not follow their prescribed regimen.
How Policy Could Mitigate IoB Security Risks
Although the FDA has led efforts to promote cybersecurity best practices for parts of the IoB ecosystem, not all IoB devices fall within FDA oversight. Federal agencies could model an IoB-specific framework after the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s cybersecurity framework.
Existing FDA efforts could expand to include consumer health devices and electronic health records.
Policymakers could establish cybersecurity certifications that are similar to the Energy Star label developed by the Environmental Protection Agency. This could incentivize the use of secure devices and increase consumer awareness.
IoB Ethical Concerns
Privacy and security risks are inherently ethical issues for the individuals whose data are compromised. But the IoB raises further ethical concerns, including inequity and threats to personal autonomy.
Without insurance coverage, internet access, or a certain level of tech-savviness, some groups could miss out on the IoB’s immediate benefits, as well as its influence on public health initiatives in the long run. And because the IoB is in its infancy, there are still basic questions about whether individuals have ownership over their personal data or have the right to opt out of data collection.
“There are devices parents can give to their children to help keep track of them, usually with some sort of microphone and camera,” Lee said. “So even though a parent has the right to keep an eye on their child, if the child is at school or on a playdate, other children are unknowingly being monitored as well.”
Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing
Genetic testing kits can provide interesting ancestry information and even personalized insights on health and disease risks. But with little oversight, these services could unknowingly create challenges for individuals’ future descendants—long before they’ve even been conceived.
For example, results from a genetic testing kit or the use of a particular IoB medical device might identify someone as a carrier of a genetic disease that could be passed on to their children. This could one day result in those children being denied insurance coverage or other benefits.
How it works:
A consumer purchases a testing kit and provides a sample of saliva or blood via mail. A lab analyzes the sample to look for genetic variations, and the results are communicated via a web portal.
Without regulation, companies that administer these kits could sell the information they gather to third parties. There’s also a question about whether ancestry information generated from these tests is accurate.
Artificial intelligence (AI) software companies are developing systems that can detect and collect data on human emotions by analyzing facial expressions, voice intonations, and other audio and visual signals.
Some argue these technologies could help reduce car accidents, show companies how consumers feel about their content, and even teach children about empathy. Although these emotional perception technologies are still very new, other facial recognition technologies have been found to be inaccurate when identifying women and minorities, which could potentially put these groups at risk of bias.
How they work:
AI uses machine learning techniques to analyze millions of videos then uses those data points to measure and analyze brow furrows, eyelash movements, nose wrinkles, and other facial reactions.
The increasing complexity of gathered facial and voice recognition data raises concerns about potential surveillance and privacy violations.
How Policy Could Mitigate Ethical Concerns
Policymakers should consider regulating the terms and conditions under which IoB technologies can be used. They should also consider protections for vulnerable groups, especially to ensure that users have rights over technologies implanted in their bodies.
Federal agencies and foundations could fund research related to IoB data collection and health care disparities.
As the IoB becomes more mainstream, medical providers, consumer groups, and IoB developers will need to conduct research and spread information about the realistic and pragmatic benefits, as well as the likely harms.
The Federal Trade Commission could play a larger role to ensure that IoB marketing claims about improved well-being or specific health treatments are backed by appropriate evidence.
IV. What is the Internet of Bodies? RAND video
Internet-connected “smart” devices are increasingly available in the marketplace, promising consumers and businesses improved convenience and efficiency. Within this broader Internet of Things (IoT) lies a growing industry of devices that monitor the human body and transmit the data collected via the internet. This development, which some have called the Internet of Bodies (IoB), includes an expanding array of devices that combine software, hardware, and communication capabilities to track personal health data, provide vital medical treatment, or enhance bodily comfort, function, health, or well-being. However, these devices also complicate a field already fraught with legal, regulatory, and ethical risks.
In this video, RAND mathematician Mary Lee examines this emerging collection of human body–centric and internet-connected technologies; explores their benefits, security and privacy risks, and ethical implications; surveys the nascent regulatory landscape for these devices and the data they collect; and makes recommendations to balance IoB risks and rewards.
V. Securing the Internet of the Body (Body Area Network) (Purdue University video)
VI. Internet of Bodies - An Overview
An interesting take on the future of bionic, embedded systems
Jul 5, 2019 · 6 min read
Connections and Human Beings | Photo by Matthieu Joannon on Unsplash
The Internet of Bodies or IoB, the imminent development in the widespread Internet of Things(IoT) domain, is the unavoidable future of technology right now. In simple terms, IoB is IoT entering the human body. Instead of devices connected to the internet as in IoT, it’s human bodies that are now connected to a network, with the potential to be remotely controlled and monitored. In short, our bodies will become the new data discovery platform. Sounds rather creepy, right ? But wait until you listen to the possibilities this opens up. What if I told you that the cyborgs which we saw and marvelled at in sci-fi movies right from the 80s are actually going to be common anytime soon, thanks to the advent of IoB.
Internet of Bodies is referred to as the future of tech, but this future isn’t that far away. At present, IoB, a form of embodied intelligence, has found its presence in the health care domain. Pacemakers for heart patients is the most common example. Another is the ‘smart pill’, a drug with sensors embedded in it, able to send data right from our stomachs to a remote device connected to the internet for medical supervision. And much to the relief of patients suffering from the cure-less Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s, a brain implant that could substitute parts of the brain is under testing. This can also be helpful for the treatment of spinal injuries where the devices will replace biological neurons, enabling locomotion of paralysed limbs. In short, drastic improvements in the medical field can be brought about by this emerging technology which undoubtedly holds a lot of potential.
Bionic Hand | Photo by Henk Mul on Unsplash
IoB can generally be classified into three generations. The first generation is the body external type which includes devices like Apple Watches and Smart Bands by Fitbit and others. We have already been introduced to the idea of continuous monitoring of our bodies with “health accessories” that have come into vogue recently. Next is the body internal type which has the previously mentioned advancements like pacemakers and implants coming under it. The third generation will see the body embedded type which includes sensors buried inside your skin, an example would be the much elusive Brain Computer Interface(BCI) where the human brain merges with an external device, allowing for a real-time connection with remote computers that receive live data updates, for the purposes of controlling and monitoring.
A recent instance of body embedded systems involves Three Square Market, a Michigan based company that develops micro-market break room solutions for vending operators. A recent CNBC report says that 50 out of their 80 employees agreed to have a radio frequency identification(RFID) microchip, which is the size of a grain, implanted under their skin. The function of the chip is to make identification possible with just a wave of hand, eliminating the need for bio-metric identification methods or having to carry an identity card or even remembering a password. Your presence anywhere in the premises could be detected. Now that will be the forerunner of the cyborgs that we hope to see anytime soon. But the concept of chipped employees in fact poses the problem of consent from the side of employees and is a big intrusion into the privacy of the people involved. It’s actually quite difficult to believe that the aforementioned employees willingly let the chips to be implanted on them.
IoB is in fact only an extension of IoT and the difference between the two is merely skin deep. It is estimated that about 20 billion IoT devices will be connected to the internet by the year 2020. For our new field in question, these connected entities will be human beings that are alive and breathing. We are already aware of the threats that the IoT domain is expected to face. The significant vulnerabilities, if exploited, can result in very serious implications. The Mirai malware and the massive cyber attack of 21 October, 2016 which affected about Five Lakh IoT devices was in fact terrifying. The massive distributed denial of service (DDos) attack was carried out by exploiting the security holes in IoT devices running Linux to transform them into remotely controlled ‘bots’, part of a botnet that harnesses the collective power of all these devices. Now imagine actual humans in place of devices. Scary, huh?
One famous incident of concern in this direction was when the former American Vice President Dick Cheney got his implanted defibrillator replaced with a new device without WiFi capacity, upon fear of assassination by electric shock to his heart. His was an act that invited much media attention and set off discussions on the security aspect of this area.
IoB is in fact only an extension of IoT and the difference between the two is merely skin deep
More than that, who would like to be monitored all the time? It’s quite obvious that we are under constant surveillance today, as evidenced by the recent nuisances involving Amazon’s Alexa and Google Home. If that was a question of losing control of our surrounding environment, imagine losing autonomy over our own bodies. An interesting aspect about Alexa’s ghostly interferences is the fact that we couldn’t even make out if those were actually bugs or just a feature of the system itself, as it is quite difficult to fully understand the complex artificial neural networks and deep learning algorithms involved.
Devising consumer safety laws and proper legal actions would be the next major concern. If you make a google search on Internet of Bodies, the majority of results that pop up point towards the security threats involved and all the negativity surrounding it. Medical technology companies will have to clarify how they plan to protect the data and privacy of users from potential attacks by hackers, state sponsored or not. In short, IoB will open up a whole new dimension of cyber security issues as intentional malfunction or cracks of the devices can lead to massive repercussions.
Raisina Hills, Government of India | Photo by Alex Block on Unsplash
Chipped or augmented human beings who can function at many more times our present capacity is a tantalising proposition. So instead of fearing a future where humans are outsmarted by intelligent machines, a society of individuals that are half-human, half-machine is a relieving thought. The line between human and machine will then be blurred forever. Still it is just an idea popularised by sci-fi writers. But this could actually turn into a dystopian nightmare rather than a sweet paradise of carefree living, owing to the creepiness factor already associated with it. So in conclusion, it can be said that we are still not completely prepared for the future steered by Internet of Bodies without already being strong enough to ensure security of our networks that are very much vulnerable to infiltration.